All about papillomavirus

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a widespread virus that infects the skin and mucous membranes of women and men...

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What is papillomavirus?

Papillomavirus (HPV) is a family of viruses (almost 200 types of HPV) of which about 40 types can infect the genitals and cause a sexually transmitted infection.

The lesions caused by this virus can range from genital warts (or condyloma) to cancers, the most common of which being cervical cancer. While some types of HPV disappear spontaneously, low-risk papillomaviruses cause benign lesions while high-risk HPV can cause cervical cancer.

Virus HPV au microscope

What are the symptoms and signs of papillomavirus infection?

Papillomavirus infection may manifest through painless lesions on the skin (genital warts or condyloma), ano-genital or oral mucosa, in men and women. Occasionally bleeding, irritation or itching may occur. However, HPV infections can occur late and will vary depending on the type of virus. Precancerous lesions in the form of abnormal cells in the cervix are detected only by pap smear, are asymptomatic and may progress to cervical cancer

Screening

A regular screening pap smear is recommended for all women aged between 25 to 65 years at least every 3 years to detect generally asymptomatic lesions in the cervix. If the result is abnormal, additional tests (repeat pap smear, HPV test or colposcopy with biopsy) must be performed to exclude or specify the diagnosis of (pre)-cancerous lesions.

Treatment

The treatment of HPV infection depends on the severity of the lesions and the type of infection. Abnormal inflammation of the cervix following HPV infection is followed by a cervical screening pap smear recommended after 3-6 months. In cases of precancerous cervical lesions, directed biopsies and colposcopy should be performed and, if the diagnosis is confirmed, conisation will be proposed.

In case of cancerous lesions, surgical removal of the uterus and / or cervix, as well as chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be considered

What is micro-immunotherapy ?

Micro-immunotherapy is an immunomodulation therapy that uses the same messengers as the immune system to transmit information to the body and readjust the immune response. It exerts a regulatory action on the human immune system and is thus useful in the treatment of many diseases involving a dysfunction of the immune response, such as inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, viral infections, stress-related neuro- degenerative diseases or aging, proliferative diseases or allergies.

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