What are the symptoms and signs of papillomavirus infection?
Papillomavirus infection may manifest through painless lesions on the skin (genital warts or condyloma), ano-genital or oral mucosa, in men and women. Occasionally bleeding, irritation or itching may occur. However, HPV infections can occur late and will vary depending on the type of virus. Precancerous lesions in the form of abnormal cells in the cervix are detected only by pap smear, are asymptomatic and may progress to cervical cancer
See all symptoms
A regular screening pap smear is recommended for all women aged between 25 to 65 years at least every 3 years to detect generally asymptomatic lesions in the cervix. If the result is abnormal, additional tests (repeat pap smear, HPV test or colposcopy with biopsy) must be performed to exclude or specify the diagnosis of (pre)-cancerous lesions.
Learn more about screening
The treatment of HPV infection depends on the severity of the lesions and the type of infection. Abnormal inflammation of the cervix following HPV infection is followed by a cervical screening pap smear recommended after 3-6 months. In cases of precancerous cervical lesions, directed biopsies and colposcopy should be performed and, if the diagnosis is confirmed, conisation will be proposed.
In case of cancerous lesions, surgical removal of the uterus and / or cervix, as well as chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be considered
Learn more about treatment